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Evaluation of gastric polyps detected by endoscopy: a single-center study conducted in Turkey’s Southeast Anatolia Region
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  • Nazım Ekin,
  • Berat Ebik,
  • Ferhat Bacaksız,
  • Ihsan Solmaz,
  • Ferhat Bingöl,
  • Eşref Araç
Nazım Ekin
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
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Berat Ebik
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
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Ferhat Bacaksız
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
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Ihsan Solmaz
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
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Ferhat Bingöl
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
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Eşref Araç
Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Training and Research Hospital
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Abstract

Background/Aims: Gastric polyps are often detected incidentally during endoscopic procedures performed for different reasons and may sometimes be manifested by gastric bleeding, pyloric stenosis, iron deficiency anemia and abdominal pain. In our study, we aimed to investigate the demographic data of the cases who were found to have gastric polyps at the gastroenterology endoscopy unit, histologic type of the polyps, their localization and size, and their relationship with Helicobacter Pylori. Materials and Methods: Between September 2016 - September 2019, gastric polyps were detected in 255 of 9771 cases who underwent upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy at the Gastroenterology Endoscopy Unit of …….. Training and Research Hospital. Demographic data, endoscopy reports and pathology results of these patients were retrospectively reviewed from the hospital registry system. Results: Of 255 cases included in the study, 160 (62.7%) were female and 95 (37.3%) were male, with a mean age of 56.9 (min: 19, max: 95). A total of 336 polyps were detected in 255 cases, with 1.3 polyps per case. 36 (10.7%) of gastric polyps were found to be fundic gland polyps, 32 (9.5%) were found to be foveolar hyperplasia, 137 (40.8%) were found to be hyperplastic polyps, 5 (1.5%) were found to be xanthomas, and 6 (1.8%) were found to be neuroendocrine tumors. Conclusion: According to this study, 90% of gastric polyps detected endoscopically in southeast Turkey are smaller than 5 mm and located most commonly in the corpus; the most common histologic subtype is hyperplastic polyps.